British Summer Time (BST) was introduced during the First World War in May 1916 in response to the German decision to take the same step to make the most of daylight hours. In the UK for the rest of the war, the clocks ran one hour ahead of GMT through the summer.
This same practice has been implemented by the government since then, other than a short period during the Second World War and an experiment between 1968 and 1971, during which year-round BST was piloted, saving around 2500 deaths and serious injuries each year of the trial period.
But 100 years on, RoSPA is once again calling for a more significant change to the system which has now been made obsolete through changing technology, working practices, tourist habits and other factors.
The current system is also dangerous for pedestrians.
Every autumn when the clocks go back and the sunset occurs earlier in the day, road casualties rise, with the effects being worse for vulnerable road users like pedestrians, children, the elderly, cyclists and motorcyclists.
In 2015, pedestrian deaths rose from 27 in September to 42 in October, 45 in November and 58 in December.
RoSPA is calling for a change from the current regime of GMT in the winter and GMT+1 in the summer, to Single/Double Summer Time (SDST), which would move the clock forward to GMT+1 in the winter and GMT+2 in the summer. This would increase evening sunlight year-round.
Not only would we save a significant number of lives but we would also boost the tourism industry, increase recreational time for children through sports and other activity, allow older people to reduce the winter evening curfew, lower opportunistic crime and decrease CO2 production and fuel costs, all in one fell swoop.
It is the only way we can make so many material improvements to our country, at a stroke, at no cost.
Unfortunately there are those who are determined to cling onto a practice which was innovative and forward-looking in 1916 but which has not been updated to its full potential 100 years later.
In these conditions of economic uncertainty and austerity, this simple measure would raise everyone’s morale and set us up to deal with whatever troubles may lie ahead. We need our politicians to show the leadership and foresight of their wartime forbears, in our darkest hour.
Visit www.rospa.com for more information.