Camelon hospital built to fight fever epidemics

The former hospital building we see today was substantially rebuilt in 1925 following a devastating fire
The former hospital building we see today was substantially rebuilt in 1925 following a devastating fire

There is a gravestone in the old Camelon Parish kirkyard which tells a particularly sad story.

It was erected by “John Abercrombie, Builder, Camelon, in memory of his beloved wife Janet Burns died 8th March 1896, aged 60 years. Also ten of their children who died in their early youth.” Graveyards all over the district tell the same tale of multiple deaths arising from the scourge of fever which haunted overcrowded houses in the new industrial communities of the Victorian age. Lack of basic sanitation, contaminated water and a poor diet left people, especially children, prey to cholera and typhoid fever while the authorities struggled to find a solution and the powerful were reluctant to put up the cash required.

The hospital's dedication stone above its main entrance

The hospital's dedication stone above its main entrance

In Falkirk in 1847 an outbreak of fever among the workers on the Midland Junction Railway prompted the new Parochial Board to build a Fever Hospital at the top of the Slamannan Road. Many ratepayers protested at the costs involved and in the end the building was a cheap structure of wood and slate. Nothing more was done until the 1860s when another outbreak led to the building being partially replaced with a more permanent brick structure. It was a pathetic response to a desperate situation but over time improved water supplies and housing gradually reduced the fevers. However new infections including scarlet fever and diphtheria soon appeared and the strain on the accommodation increased.

Before 1900, Camelon was not part of Falkirk but lay within the Eastern District of Stirling County. This meant Falkirk Burgh Hospital was not automatically available to those from the village who fell ill and the County had to make special payments to the town and also face delays when numbers were high. In the early 1890s a decision was taken to build a new hospital in Camelon to serve the district which included Bonnybridge, Larbert and Stenhousemuir. Falkirk’s leading architect William Black designed the fine new building which stands today not far along the Glasgow Road from the churchyard. In December 1896, the very year that Janet Burns Abercrombie was laid to rest, the building was opened by George Ure, the iron master from Bonnybridge. As was the norm in those days the place was packed with politicians, clergymen, business leaders and gentlemen of leisure and there were a dozen speeches and much self congratulation. The building had wards for scarlet and typhoid fevers as well as all the usual ancillary accommodation. The central block housed the administration and nurses’ rooms and the whole building cost £8000.

In the 20th century the hospital began to offer general care and demand rose dramatically. Disaster struck when a fire all but destroyed the main central building but this apparent calamity offered the opportunity to extend as well as replace the previous accommodation and in particular provide more and better staff quarters. The remodelled building we see today was officially opened in July 1925 just 18 months after the fire.

The hospital served until 1958 when it was converted into a sheltered workshop for the disabled and later served as a Day Centre for adults with learning difficulties. Today it is part of the social work department and stands as a reminder of those Victorian days when life was precarious and many families faced personal tragedies that are difficult for us to comprehend.

Many ratepayers protested at the costs involved and in the end the building was a cheap structure of wood and slate